Slide background The Hydroflux Group consists of eight specialist water and wastewater treatment companies.These integrated businesses undertake design and construction projects, and provide aftermarket services to the municipal, mining and industrial sectors
Slide background The Hydroflux Group of Companies is based around teams of water and wastewater treatment experts harnessing the power of world leading research and technologies for a more sustainable use of water, energy and resources. .
Slide background Our Industrial division has an in depth knowledge and understanding of ALL food and beverage processes which enables it to design wastewater treatment plants effectively. .
Slide background Hydroflux Utilities provides many forms of water or wastewater plant support programs including, regular service and preventative maintenance contracts, chemical and spares supply and operation contracts for both industrial and municipal customers.
Slide background Our engineers are fully conversant with the water generated during all types of construction work and have designed and implemented unique and cost effective methods of treatment and the associated sludge handling systems.
Slide background Hydroflux Epco – With over 50 years experience in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants our products include – Wastewater Clarifiers, Water Clarifiers , Sludge Digesters and Package Sewage Treatment Plants
Slide background Cress Consulting is a specialist business providing environmental and sustainability consulting services to industry throughout Australia.

Understanding Industrial Trade Waste: TDS – Part 4

Your trade waste agreement with the local water authority details acceptance standards with concentration limits of certain substances.

TDS refers to any minerals, salts, metals, cations or anions dissolved in water.

Some important substances were summarised in Understanding Industrial Trade Waste: Common Nomenclature – Part 3.

TDS needs specific mention. TDS is known as either Total Dissolved Salts or Total Dissolved Solids and is used interchangeably.

TDS refers to any minerals, salts, metals, cations or anions dissolved in water. It comprises inorganic chemical salts (principally calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, bicarbonates, chlorides, and sulphates) and some small amounts of organic matter that are dissolved in water.

In the case of Sydney Water, acceptance standards for TDS are determined on a catchment specific basis. A limit of 500 mg/L may apply to customers discharging to an inland wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). This limit only applies to those discharging over 100 kg/day of TDS or greater than 1% of the total catchment TDS load (whichever is lower).

St Marys Advanced Water Treatment Plant is one of the largest recycling plants in Australia and is an inland WWTP operated by Sydney Water. It treats wastewater from Penrith, Quakers Hill and St Marys wastewater treatment plants to produce very high-quality recycled water.

This recycled water is released into the Hawkesbury-Nepean River at Penrith. This saves water stored in dams for drinking and keeps the river healthy.

However, if discharging to an ocean based WWTP, a limit of 10,000 mg/L applies. In any case, there is no charging rate associated with TDS to either inland or ocean based WWTP. But Sydney Water can impose fines for breaching the TDS limit relevant to your discharge.

Unfortunately, there is no cost-effective way to manage the TDS in trade wastewater – reverse osmosis can be used to remove TDS but will produce a much stronger reject stream called brine that will require off-site disposal – it cannot be discharged to sewer as it still exceeds the load limits imposed by trade wastewater agreements.
Hydroflux Industrial explains TDS

Reverse Osmosis (RO) such as Hydroflux’s HyPURE®, are a physical process used to remove trace organics as well as inorganic chemicals, and are used in situations where very high-quality water is required, for example in advanced treatment of wastewater allowing reuse. RO can remove > 99.5% of dissolved salts and up to 97% of most dissolved organics and is also effective in the removal of enteric pathogens.

Unless there is justification for both capital and operational expense of reverse osmosis based on the potential reuse, or there are other drivers for reuse that make this option attractive, the wastewater will need to be discharged to the environment.

However, when discharging treated water to the environment, the TDS (particularly the inorganic chemicals and less so the organics) pose a hazard to the river ecosystems. Key hazards are:

  • Boron, chloride, sodium, cadmium and chlorine are toxic to plants in large quantities (chlorine is also dangerous to aquatic organisms).
  • Salinity causes water stress in plants, degrades soils and makes cadmium already in the soil more available to plants.
  • Sodium excesses can cause soils to become sodic and can degrade soil structure, making it difficult for water and plant roots to penetrate the soil.

Ultimately managing TDS in wastewater becomes a balancing act involving minimising the amount of TDS introduced into the wastewater by Clean-In-Place (CIP) and the amount of waste product released, recycling and if necessary cleaning and CIP chemicals for reuse (for example there are caustic recovery processes available), or managing the brine stream produced.

Our R&D team has developed specific application technology to enable efficient brine disposal including accelerated evaporation ponds and crystallisation. Hydroflux Technology is the R&D company of the group.

Industrial Trade Waste Versus Equivalent Population – Part 1Click here.
Impact of Non-Compliance – Part 2Click here.
Understanding Industrial Trade Waste: Common Nomenclature – Part 3Click here.

About the Hydroflux Group
The Hydroflux Group comprises eleven companies based in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and the UK, providing specialist design and build, equipment, processes and operational services in water and wastewater treatment and sludge treatment and dewatering. The Hydroflux Group are the exclusive Australian representatives for HUBER Technology, AEROSTRIP, CNP Technologies, Flootech MBBR, Dutch Spiral and Organica Water and incorporates EPCO Australia.

Hydroflux Pty Ltd
Level 26, 44 Market St. Sydney NSW 2000 Australia
P +61 2 9089 8833 F +61 2 9089 8830
[email protected]